The Brethren Persecuted: Part Two

The following article was originally written for Knight Templar Magazine, the official publication of the Grand Encampment of knights Templar (USA)

by Stephen Dafoe

Part Two: Revenge Destroys Everything

They spit on the Holy Cross, these Knights Templar. Not only do they deny the divinity of Christ during their reception, they do not even worship God Almighty, but a graven idol instead.

These accusations, well known to many Templars, were the words of a renegade member of the Order named Esquin de Floryan, who – according to some accounts – had been imprisoned and subsequently made his claims known to his fellow inmates out of revenge. But sharing rumours with cellmates is of little benefit to a man longing for freedom. As such, de Floryan was eager to share the juicy gossip with Philip IV. The French King was not his first choice, for he had previously told the story to the King of Aragon, James II, who dismissed the rumours as the rubbish they were. Whether he actually believed the accusations, Philip was all too willing to make use of them to his full benefit, and immediately informed Clement V of all that had come before his ears.

Clement responded to Philip in a letter of 24 August, 1307 letting the king know that he was planning to launch a formal investigation into the accusations in October. Philip, of course, had no intention of letting the matter wait another two months and issued a letter to his bailiffs on 14 September, authorizing them to arrest the Templars 30 days later.

The Arrest of the Templars

On October 13, Philip’s men acted on the arrest orders, launching a series of raids on Templar properties throughout France. One of the more popular myths regarding this period of Templar history is that the Templars learned of the arrest orders early on and escaped in large number. The consensus among modern historians is that the Templars had little to no advance notice, although it is generally agreed that de Molay was aware of the rumours in circulation. Official records record twelve members of the Order who managed to escape and most of these were ultimately captured. Among them was Gérard de Villiers, the former Master of France and Imbert Blanke, the Master of Auvergne, who crossed over into England with a handful of brethren. Blanke was later captured and went on to play a role in defending the English Templars.

Regardless of just how many French Templars snuck away in the quiet of the night, no myth regarding their escape has gained more currency than the notion that the Templar fleet set sail from the French port of La Rochelle. According to the popular tale, the Templars loaded 18 galleys with men and treasure and pulled anchor, sailing for points unknown. The source of this myth comes from the testimony of Jean de Châlons, a serving brother, who said that he had heard that de Villiers had set sail with 18 galleys. De Châlons’s testimony regarding the Templar galleys was not based on first hand knowledge; rather it was merely a repeated rumour. Given that the rest of his testimony was damning of the Order, it is doubtful that there was any truth to his claims. The fact remains that the Templars simply did not have that sort of naval presence at the time. After the dissolution of the Templars in 1312, the Hospitallers became more involved in naval warfare as a result of their occupation of Rhodes; however, at that time they are recorded as having only four galleys. As such, the idea that the Templars had so large a fleet stretches credulity.

The Interrogation of the Templars

De Floryan had told Philip but a handful of lies about the Order, but by the time the French King had the Templars in custody, the laundry list of heresies had expanded to some 87 articles of accusation, including sodomy and the worship of a bearded head. In Paris, 138 members of the Order were put through a series of interrogations beginning on 19 October. Even in this Philip showed his cunning, as the depositions were to be sent to the king in sealed envelopes, but the details were to be widely circulated to help sway public opinion. Of course, it was equally important to make sure that the enclosures had just the right information. The Templars were kept isolated form one another and informed that both king and pope were aware of the scandalous activities of the Order; pardoned awaited the confessed, while certain death awaited the unrepentant. Of course, a little medieval torture was thrown in for good measure; for nothing will make a man say things that are untrue like the crack of a whip. It is hard to imagine how a group of knights who had remained on the field of battle despite incredible odds could cave to such measures, but it is important to remember that the majority of incarcerated Templars were not battle toughened warriors, but serving members of the Order. In all 36 Templars succumbed to the torments of their jailers and died before testifying.

On 27 November, Clement issued the bull Pastoralis praeminentiae, authorizing the arrest of the Templars throughout Christendom. The bull was not met with enthusiasm and even in countries that followed the papal orders, torture was not generally used and the arrests were with great reluctance.

Clement was not at all pleased with Philip’s handling of the matter and suspended the trial in February of 1308, demanding that it be handled by the Church. The pope capitulated to the king’s pressure and resumed the trials in July; however, he insisted that they remain under the Church’s control. In August, Clement issued another bull, Regnans in coelis, calling for a general council to be held at Vienne in October of 1310.

To prepare for the council, a new set of interrogations was commenced by the Church with a true desire to get to the bottom of the matter without the use of torture. Among the many interrogations were those conducted at the castle of Chinon in Tours, which have been made famous with the recent exaggerated claims about the discovery of the Chinon Parchment. In actual fact, the document is well known to historians, having been published in Étienne Baluze’s Lives of the Popes of Avignon in 1693. The papal commission who interviewed de Molay and other Templar leaders at Chinon absolved them from excommunication, but despite recent claims, did not find the Order innocent.

A call was sent out requesting those Templars who wished to defend the Order to assemble at Paris. By February 1310, 600 Templars came forth with a desire to testify, but in so doing they set up a catch-twenty-two for themselves with respect to Philip. Having previously confessed during the first set of interrogations, Philip argued that any subsequent recantations would mark them as lapsed heretics – an offence punishable by death.

On 12 May, 1310, fifty-four Templars were turned over to the king’s men and burned at the stake in Paris. They would not be the last.

89 Comments

  1. Hello
    I saw your post well. All posts are informative. I will come in frequently and subscribe to informative posts.
    May the world be healthy in an emergency with covid-19.
    That way, many people can see these great posts.
    I am also in the beginning, but I am running a small homepage.
    Please come and leave us your feedback.
    My site address: 토토사이트

  2. Your internet site is great. I was really touched by this post. I’m so delighted to discover the short article I have actually been seeking for a long period of time. I covet the amount of individuals sympathize with your writing. You discover a great deal of expertise from my writing. 바카라사이트

  3. entrance website, the most complete online casino website in 2021 and the most popular to use the service Ufa auto 789 is a direct website, not through an agent. It is recognized by many users as the most stable website. 24 hour service website
    ufaauto789

  4. I’ve been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. , I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site?
    You make so many great points here that I read your article a couple of times. Your views are in accordance with my own for the most part. This is great content for your readers.
    일본경마
    magosucowep

  5. I’ve been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. , I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site 토토사이트

  6. Yes i am completely concurred with this article and i simply need say this article is extremely decent and exceptionally useful article.I will make a point to be perusing your blog more. You made a decent point yet I can”t resist the urge to ponder, shouldn”t something be said about the other side? 먹튀검증업체 .

  7. I found your blog while I was webs writing to find the above information. Your writing has helped me a lot. I’ll w rite a nice post by quoting your post. Feel free to visit my website; 야설

  8. That’s a great article! The neatly organized content is good to see. Can I quote a blog and write it on my blog? My blog has a variety of communities including these articles. Would you like to visit me later? keo nhacai

  9. What a nice post! I’m so happy to read this. baccarat What you wrote was very helpful to me. Thank you. Actually, I run a site similar to you. If you have time, could you visit my site? Please leave your comments after reading what I wrote. If you do so, I will actively reflect your opinion. I think it will be a great help to run my site. Have a good day.

  10. William Alexander Elliot was a Lieut Commander on board the HMS Mashona when he died. He has been based in Shanghai from 1923 and signed up in Hong Kong when war started. The Mashona was sunk in May 1941 by the Luftwaffe.
    꽁머니

  11. Interesting post. I Have Been wondering about this issue, so thanks for posting. Pretty cool post.It ‘s really very nice and Useful post.Thanks 먹튀검증

  12. I am a fan of reading to add insight to information. Thank you for this great blog. this is here, the few months I am visiting and following you. What I really like about you is that your writing style.

  13. Ukraine. Zelensky specifically spoke about the development of ports and cities on the Black Sea and rebuilding the naval sector. goguma999.net
    gamja888.COM
    instagrme.COM
    ror567.me
    pr223.net
    joycasino.me
    internetgame.me
    nca700.net
    navercom.me
    facebookcom.me

  14. “CHARLIE’S ANGELS MASSAGE”
    24/7 home and hotel services massage
    Best offer massage:
    >Swedish massage
    >sport massage
    >combination massage
    >body scrub massage
    >Full body massage and oil full body massage
    2시간 3,500페소
    5 시간 6,000페소
    10 시간 11,000페소
    위챗:charliesangels22
    라인:charliesangels33
    글로브:09157139777
    스마트:09105714957
    카카오톡:charliesangels11
    서비스 지역:Pasay,Makati,malate,bgc Taguig,other areas Philippines

  15. i read your article its proper for humanity thanks for sharing this its very informative . I’m very tons thrilled with the contents you have got cited. I desired to thanks for this superb article . That is a exceptional article, given a lot info in it, those type of articles maintains the customers interest within the internet site, and keep on sharing extra … Proper luck. Actually extraordinary weblog absolutely loved reading and gaining knowledge of to benefit the substantial understanding. In the end, this weblog helps in developing certain competencies which in turn helpful in enforcing those talents. Thanking the blogger for turning in any such lovely content material and maintain posting the contents in upcoming days. I locate it very interesting and thoroughly notion out and put together. I look forward to reading your paintings within the destiny 먹튀신고 방법

  16. extraordinarily excellent article, i liked perusing your publish, especially respectable percentage, i need to twit this to my adherents. A good deal preferred! Effortlessly, the object is truly the first-rate topic in this registry associated difficulty. I in shape in together with your conclusions and will eagerly sit up for your next updates. I am clearly taking part in studying your properly written articles. It looks like you spend numerous time and effort in your blog. I have bookmarked it and i am searching forward to studying new articles. Maintain up the best work. 토토사이트

  17. best article if u searching out real-time fun satisfactory evening wilderness safari dubai and superb tour programs at an less expensive charge then u contact the enterprise. That is a notable article thanks for sharing this informative information. I can visit your blog often for some present day put up. I will visit your blog frequently for some modern-day put up. High-quality blog. I enjoyed analyzing your articles. That is actually a top notch read for me. I’ve bookmarked it and i am looking ahead to reading new articles. Preserve up the good paintings! Thank you for the precious facts and insights you have got so provided right here.. 엠카지노 최신도메인

  18. i’m glad i located this weblog! Occasionally, college students need to cognitive the keys of productive literary essays composing. Your excellent expertise about this exact submit can turn out to be a proper foundation for such humans. Satisfactory one . If you are searching out wherein you may buy top quality weed online for shipping anywhere in smaller quantities at an lower priced charge rate, please kindly visit www. Cannabispharmuk. Com for your weed traces and weed derived merchandise. Cheers for the actual article i have lately been looking out with regard to this form of recommendation on the internet for sum time proper now so many thank you 토토커뮤니티목록

  19. exquisite post i would really like to thank you for the efforts you have made in scripting this interesting and knowledgeable article. Greetings to each one, it’s surely a selected for me to visit this website page, it accommodates of helpful records. Just natural brilliance from you here. I’ve in no way anticipated some thing much less than this from you and you have not upset me in any respect. I think you may hold the nice work taking place. This is a notable article, given so much data in it, these sort of articles maintains the customers hobby inside the internet site, and maintain on sharing extra … Correct luck. Thanks plenty for one’s fascinating write-up. It’s truly extremely good. Searching beforehand for this type of revisions. 메이저사이트검증

  20. on the point while you are organized doing all that we’ve mentioned inside the beyond sections, that’s thinking about your buying listing with careful arranging exactness, coming across the medicinal drugs you require recall that we’ve an fantastic range of sildenafil pills, that are traditional viagra capsules in their numerous versions, systems and measurements and sending them to the buying basket, you’ll be diverted to the web page with your own subtleties. On the factor when i have time i can have again to peruse a good deal greater, please preserve up the once i take a gander at your blog in chrome, it appears excellent however whilst beginning. 메이저토토사이트

  21. i need to say informative content material you shared, thanks for this . This submit may be very informative in this subject matter. I feel strongly that love and study more on this topic. I simply tripped upon your blog and wanted to mention that i have surely loved reading your blog stations. Thank you for sharing. I have been inspired after examine this because of a few best work and informative thoughts. I just want to mention thank you for the author and wish you all of the excellent for coming! Your exuberance is refreshing. Thanks again for all the knowledge you distribute,suitable submit. I used to be very inquisitive about the item, it’s pretty inspiring i must admit. I really like journeying you site because i always come upon thrilling articles like this one. 파워볼사이트모음

  22. What a nice post! I’m so happy to read this. 토토사이트추천 What you wrote was very helpful to me. Thank you. Actually, I run a site similar to you. If you have time, could you visit my site? Please leave your comments after reading what I wrote. If you do so, I will actively reflect your opinion. I think it will be a great help to run my site. Have a good day.

  23. I no uncertainty esteeming each and every bit of it. It is an amazing site and superior to anything normal give. I need to grateful. Marvelous work! Every one of you complete an unfathomable blog, and have some extraordinary substance. Keep doing stunning

  24. I no uncertainty esteeming each and every bit of it. It is an amazing site and superior to anything normal give. I need to grateful. Marvelous work! Every one of you complete an unfathomable blog

  25. I no uncertainty esteeming each and every bit of it. It is an amazing site and superior to anything normal give. I need to grateful. Marvelous work!

  26. I have recently started a site, the information you offer on this website has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.